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cast light on human progress for centuries, but little is
know about their origin. We do know that they were used as
early as 3000 BC in Egypt, but it is the Romans who are credited
with developing the wick candle to light home and places of
worship at night.
For thousands of years candles have been used in burial ceremonies
to dispel evil spirits and superstitions about candles abound
- from ancient Egyptians using candles to interpret dreams
to all of us asking for a wish to be granted when we blow
out our birthday cake candles.
It is said that the seventeenth century treaty hunter Captain
Kidd believed that carrying lanterns containing consecrated
candles would conjure up the ghosts of the dead to help him
in his quests. Meditation using candles is a very useful and
easily accessible technique.
an energetic point of view candles are lit and placed near
the dead person in order to absorb the etheric energy that
remains after death. This is the same process with flowers
which are placed near the body in order to absorb energy which
would link with those who are close and living - both, in
essence, operate as a form of energetic boundary.
is the use of candles in performing spells and rituals
granting wishes and desires. Different types and colours
of candels are thought to have different magical meanings.
For example, for new beginnings and energy it is suggested
that white should be used; for change and courage use
red; for happiness and health use orange; for communication
and travel use yellow; for love and healing use green;
for power and work use blue; for psychic development
use blue or indigo; for love use pink; for house and
home use brown; for secret desires use silver; for wealth
use gold; and for banishing guilt use black.
activate the magic of candles you should write your
wish on a piece of paper and burn it in the candle,
or engrave your wishes on the candle with a pin. You
can also light the candle and focus your intention on
your wish as you gaze into the flame.
Lewis Carrol [real name Charles Dodgson] best remembered as
the author of 'Alice's Adventures in Wonderland' and 'Through
the Looking Glass' and 'What Alice Found There' was a celebrated
poet, mathematician, logician, photographer and paranormal
investigator. As one of the original members of the Society
for Psychical Research, Carrol was interested in ghostly phenomenon.
He was also fascinated by psi abilities such as telepathy
and convinced that they would one day become accepted and
valued by the scientific community. In a letter dated 4 December
1882, Carrol wrote on this subject to his friend James Langton
have just read a small pamphlet, the first report of the Psychical
Society on 'thought reading'. The evidence, which seems to
have been most carefully taken, excludes the possibility that
unconscious guidance by pressure will account for all the
phenomena. All seems to point to the existence of a natural
force, allied to electricity and nerve-force, by which brain
can act on brain. I think we are close on the day when this
shall be classed among the known natural forces, and its laws
tabulated, and when the scientific skeptics, who always shut
their eyes till the last moment to any evidence that seems
to point beyond materialism, will have to accept it as a proved
fact in nature. "
A psychic reader and ESP researcher who arguably did the most
in the twentieth century to advance psychic knowledge. Born
in rural Kentucky, Cayce was close to his grandfather, Thomas
Jefferson Cayce, who was said to be psychic. One day tragedy
struck; Cayce witnessed the horrific death of his grandfather
in an accident with a horse. After the accident, and encouraged
by his mother and grandmother, the young Cayce claimed to
visit his grandfathers spirit in the barns.
Cayce experienced other traumas in his youth. At 15 he was
hit from behind by a baseball and began to feel dizzy. His
father sent him to bed, and he entered into a hypnotic trance,
telling his father exactly what needed to be done to make
him better. Cayce recovered within a day, when he was in his
early twenties he lost his voice. Helped by traveling hypnotist,
Cayce again entered into a trance. While in the trance he
was once again able to diagnose a cure. He coughed up some
blood and his voice returned.
In 1901, Cayce started to give psychic readings to clients,
and over the next 40 years he gave and recorded in writing
over 12,000 readings on health, past lives, ancient mysteries
and predictions of the future. These readings are still being
In 1933 Cayce and his supporters formed in Virginia Beach
[where it still remains] the Association for Research and
Enlightenment for the purpose of studying, researching and
providing information about ESP, as well as life after death,
dreams and holistic health. Three other programmes or organisations
were also established around Cayce's work: a masters degree
in transpersonal studies at Atlantic University, Virginia
Beach, was set up in 1930: the Edgar Cayce Foundation, also
at Virginia Beach, was set up in 1948 to provide custodial
ownership of the Cayce readings and documents; and a diploma
in preventive health care based on Cayce's readings was set
up in 1986 at the Harold Reilly School of massotherapy.
was a remarkably gifted psychic with an incredible intellect.
It is said that he could sleep on any book, paper or document
and remember its contents when he awoke. He was able to use
his psychic abilities in four ways: precognition, retrocognition,
clairvoyance and telepathy. That is, he could see into the
future and predict events to come; he could look into a persons
past to find the origins of an existing health problem; he
could see insides the human body and see through objects;
and he was able to enter another persons mind to discover
what they were thinking.
Called the 'Sleeping Prophet'. Cayce practised absent healing
for several years, helping to cure people all over the world,
even though he had no formal education and never went to medical
school. Receiving a name and address, Cayce would enter a
trance state and then read the persons condition and prescribe
cures and treatments, which were, reportedly, 90 per cent
accurate. His success was so great that thousands sought his
help. Cayce's ability to diagnose accurately and name body
parts astonished some medical experts, although others dismissed
his readings on account of his lack of formal training.
In August 1944, with three to four years backlog of mail,
Cayce collapsed with exhaustion. He was aware that doing more
than two readings a day was too much for his body and mind,
but over the years he had been so moved by the suffering of
others that he was doing far in excess of this number. He
retired to the mountains to recuperate, returning home in
November 1944. On 1 January he told his friends he would find
healing on the 5th, and they prepared for the worst. On 5
January, Cayce died peacefully at the age of 67.
Cayce spent much of his life trying to understand what he
did when he entered a trance. He spoke about unknown civilizations
where the soul could travel without the restriction of gravity
and communicate through thought. He attributed poor health
to harmful deeds in a past life, and many of his readings
concerned karma and reincarnation. The chief difference between
Cayce's suggested treatment and conventional medicine was
that Cayce sought to heal the whole body by treating the causes
rather than the symptoms of a patient's problem. The patient,
however, needed to have faith and hope in the reading for
it to work. Mind is the builder, Cayce would always say, and
he firmly believed that the body responded to commands from
Cayce maintained that we all have psychic ability and that
experiences such as dreams and intuition are proof of that.
He also believed that if a person had good intentions and
love in their heart they would have a steady supply of psychic
power to tap into.
concept that every single cell in our body contains a blueprint
of our personalities and every experience we have had in our
lives because all matter, including cellular; is held together
by energy. Whatever is stored in one cell - love, hate, happiness,
unhappiness - is passed on by psychic osmosis to the next
concept of cellular memory has gained popularity from accounts
of organ donor recipients who take on the persona of the original
donor. It can also explain why universal shared archtypes
of the collectivve unconscious pass down through the generations.
medical term for lack of oxygen flowing to the brain, which
sometimes triggers sensory distortions and hallucinations.
Some believe it to be the physical lmeans by which phenomena
such as near-death experiences and out of body episodes might
be rationally explained.
mace) is an American medical intuitive and mystic as well
as the author of numerous books and audio tapes, including
four New York Times Best Sellers: Anatomy of the Spirit (1996),
Why People Don't Heal and How They Can (1998), Sacred Contracts
(2002), and Entering The Castle (2007).
She has also been on the The Oprah Winfrey Show, several times,
since her first appearance in 2002, and in 2001 she hosted
a TV series, titled, "The Journey With Caroline Myss",
at Oxygen (TV network), co-owned by Oprah Winfrey, exploring
the spiritual and psychological roadblocks of life in an intimate
workshop setting, apart from that she has also done TV Specials,
"Three Levels of Power & How to Use Them" and
"Why People Don't Heal & How They Can," based
on her work.
started giving medical intuitive readings in 1982 and co-founded
a small New Age publishing company, Stillpoint Publishing
in Walpole, New Hampshire, where she also worked as an editor
in 1983. Next she began consulting with holistic doctors,
which in 1984, led to her extensive collaboration with Dr.
Norman Shealy, an M.D. schooled at Harvard, and the founder
of the American Holistic Medical Association, with whom she
later co-authored, "Aids: Passageway to Transformation,"
in 1987, followed by "The Creation of Health: The Emotional,
Psychological, and Spiritual Responses that Promote Health
and Healing," in 1988.
Deriving from her practice as a medical intuitive, she started
writing books, in the field of energy medicine, and healing,
all of which became New York Times Best Sellers. Starting
with 'Anatomy of the Spirit: The Seven Stages of Power and
Healing' (1996), which overlapped seven Christian sacraments
with seven Hindu chakras and the Kabbalah's Tree of Life to
create a map of the human "energy anatomy"; this
was followed by 'Why People Don't Heal and How They Can' (1998),
which explored the reasons people do not heal through her
concept of "woundology." Her next book, 'Sacred
Contracts: Awakening Your Divine Potential' (2002) dealt with
the issue of finding "Life Purpose," while describing
Sacred Contracts as "a set of assignments that our soul
had formed around before incarnation".
She has since appeared on the The Oprah Winfrey Show numerous
By 2000, she discontinued doing private medical intuitive
readings, and instead started teaching it, through her workshops,
seminars, radio shows and guided tours. She tours internationally
as a speaker on spirituality and mysticism, and lives in Oak
Park, Illinois, near Chicago. In 2003, she started the Caroline
Myss Educational Institute, with Wisdom University in San
Her 2007 book, "Entering the Castle" draws upon
the writings of Saint Teresa of Ávila, a 16th cen tury
Carmelite nun, who wrote her most important work, The Interior
Castle, towards the end of her life. Official Website www.myss.com
Chakra is Sanskrit for 'wheel' and in Hindu and Buddhist yogic
literature the charkas are through to be energy vortices,
shaped like petals or spoked wheels that whirl at various
speeds. They penetrate the body and the body's aura, and it
is through that through them various energies, including the
universal life force, are received and distributed throughout
the person. You cannot see charkas physically, only psychically.
There are seven major charkas, which are most directly concerned
with physical health, and hundreds of minor ones. The universal
life force is thought to enter the aura through the chakra
at the top of the head and filter down along the spinal column
to other charkas. The higher the position on the spinal column
the more complex the chakra.
Each chakra has its own colour and speed of rotation, and
each is associated with a major endocrine gland, a major nerve
system, a major physiological function and a psychic function.
The charkas are connected to each other through thousands
of channels of energy called nadis. Three of the most important
nadis include the shushuma, which processes energy coming
in, and the ida and ingala, which are concerned with the outflow
There isn't any accepted scientific and medical evidence that
charkas exist, but recently they have begun to be acknowledged
in the West in alternative medicine. Clairvoyants say that
they can diagnose the health of charkas by energy scans with
the hands and that health problems often show up in charkas
months or even years before they manifest in the body. When
the charkas are balanced and healthy, their colours are clear
and their rotation smooth, but in poor health they become
cloudy and irregular in rotation. Blocked charkas are though
to cause health problems, and in alternative healing therapies
there are various techniques for clearing chakra blockages,
including visualisation, colour therapy, acupuncture and energy
The seven major charkas
chakra involves a different part of the body and also different
concerns, so you can focus directly on one specific chakra.
The seven chakra centres are the following:
The base or root chakra [muladara]. The
lowest of the seven charkas, the root chakra is located at
the base of the spine and is the simplest of the seven. Orange-red
in colour, it relates to physical strength as well as the
senses of taste and smell. You can summon this chakra when
you need courage and physical strength. It is in the base
chakra that kundalini energy is stored in a coiled state of
2 The sacral or belly chakra [swadishana]
is red or pink in colour and is located just
below the navel. It controls sexual energy and reproduction.
It influences the release of adrenaline in your body and can
keep it on a high state of alert. You can summon this chakra
not only when you need to invoke fertility but also when you
need projects and relationships to be successful. In some
psychic systems the sacral chakra is overseen by the spleen
chakra, which governs digestion.
3 The solar plexus chakra [manipura].
below the breastbone and above the navel, the solar plexus
chakra is where mediums get their psychic information. Green
or light red in colour, it controls the adrenal glands, and
when it is out of balance it can affect the stomach, liver
and pancreas, you can use this chakra when you want to achieve
an ambition or when you are planning a career move.
4 The heart chakra [anahata].
in the centre of the chest and in the middle of your shoulder
blades, the heart chakra is golden in colour and relates to
emotions such as love and compassion. If it becomes blocked
it can affect the lungs, the heart and breathing and immunity
in general. You can use this chakra for matters of love and
friendship and for understanding others.
5 The throat chakra [visudda].
at the top of the throat, the throat chakra is silvery blue
in colour and relates to creativity and self-expression. It
is prominent in musicians, singers and public speakers. When
it becomes blocked, your throat, ears, eyes, nose and mouth
may be affected. You can use this chakra when truth and principles
are at stake.
6 The forehead or third eye chakra [ajna].
between your eyebrows in the centre of your forehead, the
third eye chakra is blue and purple in colour and relates
to your pituitary gland. It influences intelligence, intuition
and psychic ability. When it becomes blocked it can affect
your head, eyes and brain. You can use this chakra for psychic
awareness and harmony.
7 The crown chakra [sahasrara].
at the top of your head, the crown chakra is a glowing purple
colour and will not open until all other charkas are balanced.
When it is open you experience the highest connection to the
universal mind by your mental, physical and spiritual self.
You can use this chakra when striving for wisdom and perfection.
The process by which a medium communicates information from
spirits and other non physical energy beings by entering a
state of trance or some other altered state of consciousness.
In primitive cultures communication with disincarnate beings
by priests, shamans or medicine people is well documented.
The ancient Egyptians and Romans as well as the early Chinese,
Babylonians, Tibetans, Assyrians and Celts, all channelled
spirits and entities and holy men and women of Judaism, Christianity
and Islam received divine guidance.
Divination and healing are forms of chanelling, and different
mediums have different forms of chanelling. Sometimes it happens
when the channeller falls into a sudden trance like state,
or it can be induced. Methods to induce chanelling include
meditation, prayer, hypnosis, fasting, chanting, dancing,
breath exercises, sleep deprivation and taking hallucinogenic
Many psychics believe that channelling is a skill anyone can
learn and that it shouldn't just be the preserve of professional
mediums. It is important to remember that everyone will have
a different experience of channelling and insights received
may come in any number of different forms and it is up to
the individual to translate and interpret in a balanced way.
The frequent repetition of a word, phase or mantra as a part
of meditation or a religious or magical rite. Some people
believe that chanting is a way to achieve an altered state
of consciousness so that psychic power or energy can be raised
for the purpose of healing or energy ritual. Others believe
helps them commune with the divine.
Chanting can be done alone or in a group. It can be accompanied
by hand clapping, drumbeats, musical instruments or dancing.
Sometimes chanting is a melodious; sometimes it is monotone.
In all major religions the most powerful chants are the names
of God. In primitive tribal societies chanting was used to
raise psychic energy and appease supernatural powers and bring
blessings. It is thought that rhythmic chanting sends out
waves of energy that help the priest or person who is coordinating
A principle from quantum physics that suggests that chaos
or lack of order does in fact obey particular laws or rules
and only appears to be random. The theory was first brought
to public attention with the butterfly effect discovered by
Edward Lorenz in 1961 [a theory whereby the flapping of a
butterfly's wings might, through a series of events involving
climate and location, cause a storm on the other side of the
The idea contradicts the traditional Newtonian principles
of physics, which states that unseen effects can be predicted
through precise measurements, as according to chaos theory
even tiny errors can result in enormous unpredictability,
far out of proportion to what would be expected mathematically.
In a nutshell, what chaos theory means is that anything is
capable of affecting anything else - a principal belief of
new age and holistic thinking.
from the Greek, charisma meaning a gift of grace, charismatic
is a term often used to describe someone with psychic and/or
spiritual gifts, which can include channelling, healing and
the ability to perform miracles.
It is general through that psychic ability, often referred
to as intuition or gut feeling, is natural in childhood, but
as children get older they tend to lose that instinct and
are taught to record psychic experiences as imagination and
superstition. Children's minds can easily accept the existence
of the nonphysical, but don't yet have boundaries of space
and time and other models of perception that develop when
they become adults. Their imagination is a reality to them,
and they can see and comprehend things that adults no longer
can do. They can cross the line into fantasy world that adults
have long since forgotten and exist in altered state of reality
that Edgar Cayce called unmanifest reality.
Anyone wanting to develop their psychic ability must start
by returning to that childlike, dreamy state of mind where
imaginary friends, gut instinct, make believe, fantasy, aware
of the amazing world we live in and the endless possibilities
of our inner world are natural and real to us.
There are those who believe children are our real teachers
and that their first task on earth is to teach adults about
aspects of life they are neglecting. It may be something as
simple as unconditional love or as complicated as resolving
complex situations from the past. Unfortunately, many adults
ignore the demands and idle chatter of children and don't
grasp this opportunity to get back in tune with themselves,
missing a fabulous opportunity to lean and grow up again.
STAR GATE PROGRAMME
In 1972 the CIA, concerned by reports that the Soviet Union
was dedicating substantial resources to what it called psychotronics
- research into potential military applications of psychic
and fringe science phenomena - began Project STAR GATE, a
programme of psychic spying, or remove viewing. The project
cost $20 million [£12 million] and lasted 23 years until
the US military shut it down in September 1995.
The aim of the programme was to close the Cold War 'psychic
warfare gap' and discover how serious a threat there was from
Soviet psychotronics. Parapsychologists Hal Puthoff and Russell
Targ of the Stanford Research Institute were asked to look
for repeatable psychic phenomena that might be useful to military
intelligence. Working with psychic Ingo Swann, the duo developed
what they called 'a perceptual channel across kilometer distances',
in other words, the ability to witness objects, people and
events at a distance: remote viewing.
Initially called SCANATE, meaning 'scan by coordinate', the
project required the viewer to describe what they could see
at map grid reference provided by the CIA. Early signs were
encouraging, and the programme expanded. Also known as SUN
STREAK, GRILL FLAME and, finally, STAR GATE, the programme
was used to help many US military and intelligence-gathering
operations over its 23 years. There were a few successes,
but more than a few failures.
The team is said to have located Soviet weapons and technologies,
such as a nuclear submarine in 1979, identified spies, helped
find lost SCUD missiles in the first Gulf War and located
plutonium in North Korea in 1994. All in all, more than 20
psychics were employed. With lives at stake, many of them
found the work traumatic, some ending up in psychiatric hospitals.
The project was closed down in 1995, probably because the
Defense Department lost confidence in it, but even today some
psychics continue with police and government work; one assisted
the FBI - clearly unsuccessfully - during the hunt for Osama
bin Laden in late 2001.
symbol of oneness, completion and protection, the circle is
believed to represent a sphere of personal power or psychic
energy. It is often used for seances, where participants hold
hands around a circular table. Ceremonial magic rites are
also often performed within the sphere of a magic circle,
which functions to concentrate the user's power and protect
against psychic entities. In ritual, a circle represents a
holy space that protects from negative forces on the outside
and facilitates communication with spirits and deities on
word comes from the French and means 'clear hearing'; it is
the ability to receive psychic impressions of sounds, music
and voices that are not audible to normal hearing.
have been guided by their inner voices since the beginning
of time. The Bible refers to the Voice of God speaking to
the prophets and kings. The ancient Greeks received guidance
through daimons or divine spirits that offered guidance
by whispering into the ears of men and women. The shamans
of many cultures use the voices in their heads for divine
guidance. In Yoga the energy centre for clairaudience is the
throat area, and it is thought that when it is clear you can
open yourself up to inner hearing. Great men and women in
history have experienced clairaudience. For example Joan of
Arc claimed to hear the voices of Margaret and St Michael.
In the 18th century and 19th century messages from spirits
received clairaudiently were an established part of many seances.
Today clairaudience often occurs in psychic readings.
differs from telepathy, which is the ability to read the thoughts
of another person. Some of the different ways it is expressed
can be sounds or voices which may come in dreams or spirit
guides and these sounds or voices can provide you with psychic
insight. Some people hear music, whispers, laughter, crying,
bells ringing or other sounds.
In Exercise to help develop clairaudience
has some degree of clairaudient ability where we expereince
words or thoughts or ideas that seem to come from nowhere
but we tend not to recognise them or we take them for
granted. To tell if such voices are psychic information
or just day to day thoughts is by careful listening.
You intution tends to speak to ou in a kind, loving
and positive way whereas self-talk tends to be harsher.
a place where you feel comfortable and won't be disturbed.
sit down and relax by breathing deeply and then imagine
there is a shield of golden light around your ears so
hearing is protected.
Next, sense subtle sound changes and then note whatever
information you receive. For some people there may be
little coming through at first but after a while you
find that you automatically tune in.
word comes from the French meaning 'clear feeling, or sensing.'
It involves the ability to pick up information through smell,
taste, touch, gut feelings and intuition.
what is around you is the most common way to receive psychic
information. All people expereince clairsentience through
fleeting impressions but just aren't consciously aware of
it. For example, we all feel drawn to some people more than
others for no apparent reason. But if a person is emotional,
empahtetic and compassionate by nature, and often affected
by the moods of those around them, then chances are that psychic
impressions typically come to them through clairsentience
rather than through calirvoyance or clairaudience.
you an emotional person? So, what moods do you feel?
Can you feel the moods of other people and animals?
Can you feel the moods of specific locations or from
objects? Do you feel emotions about certain events in
history and don't know why? Do you feel the emotions
of friends or family or other people who are close to
you? Do you ever get a gut feeling that you should contact
someone immediately? When you touch someone or an object
do you gather a rush of feelings? Do you sometimes experience
physical sensations such as warmth or cold for which
there is no external cause? Do you often have gut instincts
about people or places you know nothing about? The following
exercise is a fantasy meditation which is designed to
stimulate your clairsentience in a controled manner
so you are more conscious of how you can sense, read
and respond to the feelings around you.
a quiet place and sit down in a comfortable position.
Breathe deeply and imagine you in the ocean enjoying
the feeling of freedom as you gently glide through the
water. Imagine that you can feel the mood of an entire
ocean where you automatically sense and locate where
to feed, play and swim where you feel safe. Now relax
and spend time feeling in total harmony with your ocean
Parapsychologists consider clairvoyance to be one of the three
classes of psychic perception or extrasensory perception [ESP]
along with telepathy and precognition, although there is overlap
among the three. The word clairvoyance comes from the French,
meaning 'clear seeing', and refers to the power to see an
event or an image in the past, present or future. This type
of sight does not happen with your physical eyes, but with
your inner eyes. A person with clairvoyant ability can receive
information in the form of visual symbols or images. Some
clairvoyants describe it as a bit like having a movie screen
in your head with images moving across it. Other clairvoyants
may see symbols that they learn to interpret.
Psychic visions typically appear internally, through the minds
eye, and this is called subjective clairvoyance, but in rare
cases they can also appear externally, in the environment
around them as if they were real, and this is called objective
clairvoyance. Many people think of the term 'inner eye, as
a figure of speech, but the yogic tradition uses the term.
According to Eastern tradition, the third eye or sixth chakra
is the seat of clairvoyance. Located in the centre of the
forehead, it is the screen that receives clairvoyance, whether
in the form of visions or imagery. In mediumship, clairvoyance
may account for the ability of mediums to provide unknown
information at séances.
There are several different types of clairvoyance, including
the ability to see auras [auric sight], to see into the past
[retrocognition] or into the future [precognition]. Different
states of clairvoyance also include the ability to see through
objects [X-ray vision], the ability to see health conditions
in other people or animals [body scanning], the ability to
see things from far away [traveling clairvoyance], the ability
to experience visions in dreams [dream clairvoyance], the
ability to see things that transcend time and space [spatial
clairvoyance], and the ability to see astral, etheric and
spiritual or divine planes [astral and spiritual clairvoyance].
Throughout history clairvoyance has been used and cultivated
by prophets, fortune-tellers, witches, and seers of all kinds.
Some were gifted naturally with clairvoyance while others
learned how to develop it through training. In the 1830's
the first scientific experiment to study clairvoyance was
conducted on psychic Adele Maginot, and impressive results
were achieved. Tests for clairvoyance of concealed cards began
in the 1870s with French physiologist Charles Richet, and
Richets work has taken further in the 1930s by American parapsychologist
J B Rhine. Rhine developed a special deck of symbol cards
to conduct tests. In the years since considerable evidence
has been accumulated to suggest that clairvoyance exists in
both humans and animals although sceptics disagree.
a quiet place where you won't be disturbed, and sit
comfortably. Take a deep breath and feel a protective
bubble of light surround you. Let your eyes gently go
out of focus as you concentrate on your third chakra
and then, when you are ready focus your mind's eye on
the images that you see.
a few minutes to refocuse and then go out of focus again
and explore what images and their meaning unfolds. When
you are ready simply take a deep breath, exhale and
then return to a conscious state in a positive and relaxed
The collective or universal unconscious was a concept developed
by psychiatrist Carl Jung [1875-1961] and later supported
by Joseph Campbell in his study of world mythology. It refers
to the part of the mind that is 'inborn' or determined by
heredity and that shares memories, mental patterns and images
with all humans. Prior to Jung, the prevailing view of the
unconscious had been that of Sigmund Freud, who believed that
it was the product of repressed childhood traumas.
Jung affirmed that a personal unconscious of repressed or
forgotten material existed but that the collective unconscious
consisted of patterns of instinctual behaviour, called archetypes.
The word archetype comes from the Greek arche, meaning first,
and type meaning imprint or pattern. Psychological types are
thus patterns that form the basic blueprint for human personality.
For Jung archetypes pre-exist in the collective unconscious
of humanity and determine how we both perceive and behave.
These patterns are inborn - part of our inheritance and psychological
life as human beings. They are both inside us and outside
us. We can meet them by turning inwards to our dreams or imagination,
and by turning outwards to our myths, legends, literature
colour is believed in addition to the wavelength to have a
vibration, to have its own energy at a non physical level
and to have specific effects on different individuals. Seven
colours in particular - red, orange, yellow, green, blue,
indigo and violet, the colours of the rainbow - have carried
religious, mystical and healing meanings since ancient times.
Red, which has the longest wavelength, typically represents
the physical and material, while violet, the shortest wavelength,
represents spirituality and enlightment. White, the combination
of all colours, is usually associated with divinity and purity,
whilst black, the absence of all colours, is usually associated
with evil but in reality provides protection and comfort,
like the warm darkness of the summer night. Traditionally,
the body is associated with red, the mind with yellow and
the spirits with blue.
Healing with colour has a long traditional dating back to
ancient times. However despite the fact that colour healing
has been in use for centuries it wasn't until the late nineteenth
century that it began to received attention in the West. In
1878 Edwin Babbit published 'The Principles of Light and Colour'
reaffirming the Pythagorean correspondences of music, colour
and sound and by so doing drew attention to the potential
for colour healing.
Modern science is able to provide evidence for some of the
ancient claims about colour. In the 1970's and 1980's it was
shown that coloured light triggers biochemical reactions in
the body. Later research confirmed that blues and greens have
a soothing effect and help lower stress, brain wave activity
and blood pressure. Warm colours such as orange and red have
been shown to have stimulating effect. Pink has been shown
to have a relaxing effect in the short term, although in the
long term it can trigger irritability.
can read more about how I use colour therapy systems on my
colours are a dynamic part of our lives at many levels many
believe that colour can be used for divination and guidance.
Here each colour has its own unique qualities with some being
uplifting and exciting, and some soothing. Some stimulate
healing and others are depressing. We all of us have some
colours we like and are drawn to and others that we dislike
and many believe we subconsiously pick colours we know will
help us during the day.
healers who read auras beleive that auras are made up of colours
and that the colour of a person's aura can tell us a lot about
that person and how she or he is feeling at that moment in
following provides some common attributes about colours
which may help you gain insight into people no matter
how they may present themselves to you.
- the colour of strength and power, linked to sexual
energy, can indicate an active person with lots of
energy; darker shades can reflect strong emotions,
even anger and can also indicate a creative person.
- the colour of fun, creativitiy and generosity (they
may be too generous); a bright and optimistic person.
intelligence, happiness, curious by nature; a person
who prefers to take the lead
- colour of healing; peaceful, emotional balance and
compassion; a person who is honest and helpful.
spiritual understanding; a person who is usually recepitve,
had a need for calm, and is deeply involved in their
work, sometimes to the point of neglecting other things;
someone who is dedicated and talented and can be criticial
- vision, intuition, psychic abilities.
- seekers, impatient with others, including themselves;
have high ideals and can be depressed if these ideals
are not met; someone who needs and seeks spiritual
- colour of protection and groundedness; psychic ability;
when worn with another colour strengthens that colour;
secretive with a quiet strength.
colour of spirit and of balance, could also indicate
detachment; a person who is hopeful and spiritual;
when worn with other colours amplifies those colours.
strength and nobility; someone who is down to earth,
practical and helpful; someone who has strong friendships;
is a devoted worker but can be overly critical.
- love, warmth, tenderness, innocence, the impulse
INDICATORS : prolonged
reaction time, faults, or the idiosyncratic quality of the
answers when the stimulus words touch on complexes which the
subject wishes to hide or is not conscious of.
C.G. Jung p412 : "Complexes are psychic fragments which
have split off owing to traumatic ( q.v.) influences
or certain incompatible tendancies. As the association experiments
prove, complexes interfer with the intentions of the will
and disturb the conscious performance : they produce disturbances
of memory and blockages in the flow of association ( q.v.
; they appear and disappear according to their own laws; they
can temporarily obsess consciousness, or influence speech
and action in an unconscious way. In a word, complexes behave
like independent beings, a fact especially evident in abnormal
states of mind. In the voices heard by the insane they even
take on a personal ego-character like that of the spirits
who manifest themselves through automatic writing and similar
techniques." (the Structure and Dynamics of the Psyche,
Coll. Works. 8, p. 121.)
A function of the mind, generally thought to incorporate qualities
such as subjectivity, self-awareness and the ability to perceive
the relationship between oneself and ones environment.
In popular language the term 'consciousness' denotes being
awake and responsive to ones environment; this contrasts with
being asleep or being in a coma. The term 'level' of consciousness'
denotes how consciousness seems to vary during anesthesia
and during various states of mind such as daydreaming; lucid
dreaming; imagining, etc. Esoteric techniques such as meditation
and path working and shamanic techniques such as chanting,
rhythmic drumming or dancing, as well as experimental techniques
such as sensory deprivation and narcotics to induce hallucination
all involve altered state of consciousness. Non-consciousness
exists when consciousness is not present. There is speculation,
especially among religious groups as well as occultists, psychics
and spiritualists that consciousness may exist after death
or before birth.
Consciousness is notoriously difficult to define or locate.
Many cultures and religious traditions place the seat of consciousness
in soul, separate from the body. Conversely, many scientists
and philosophers consider consciousness to be intimately linked
to the neural functioning of the brain.
Jung Dreams, Memories and Reflections p 413 "When one
reflects upon what cosnciousness really is, one is profoundly
impressed by the extreme wonder of the fact that an event
which takes place outside, in the cosmos simultaenously produces
an internal image, that it takes place, so to speak, inside
as well, which is to say; becomes conscious." (Basel
Seminar, Privately printed, 1934. p.1.)
indeed our consciousness does not create itself - it wells
up from unknown depths. In childhood it awakens gradually,
and all through life it wakes each morning out of the depths
of sleep from an unconscious condition. It is like a child
that is born daily out of the premordial womb of the unconscious."
(Psychology and Religion: West and East Coll. Works,
Vol. 11, pp. 569 ff.)
is the process by which the creation of a visual image is
believed to promote the desired outcome.
Creative visualisation is built on the ancient belief in the
power of the mind to create what you want in your life. If
you think about what you'd like to achieve in your, you can
do just that, as positive images and thoughts attract positive
energy. Creative visualisation is widely used in business,
sport, art, psychotherapy, psychic development, mystical and
occult arts and personal self-development.
Imagination has powerful influence on self-image, and a poor
self-image can often mean the difference between success and
failure in life. Creative visualisation, which seems to be
most effective when practised in a relaxed state, can be used
to feed your mind positive images to create a better self-image
and improve your personal experiences. For example, if you
want to develop your psychic awareness, you need to use the
image f being psychic. If you want to pass an exam, you imagine
yourself passing it. Those who practise visualisation say
it's important to fill in all the details of your experience
so that the image is as real to the mind as possible.
method used extensively in the early twentieth century to
test the powers of mediums. The correspondences were made
up of the same or similar information allegedly from discarnate
entities delivered to mediums while they were in a trance
or through automatic writing.
is difficult to explain how these messages occur, and many
psychical reserarchers believe they provie good evidence to
support the case for life after death. Others believe that
the mediums draw the information from their own unconcious
or from others using telepathy or clairvoyance.
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